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Thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the thyroid gland, a small gland at the base of the neck. The most common symptoms of thyroid cancer are:
Painless lump or swelling in the neck
Difficulty in swallowing
Sudden hoarseness and vocal changes
Types of thyroid cancer:
Papillary thyroid cancer: Papillary thyroid cancer usually affects people under the age of 40, particularly women. This type of cancer arises from follicular cells, which produce and store thyroid hormones
Follicular thyroid cancer: Follicular cancer usually affects older adults and can spread into your lymph nodes and is likely to spread into your blood vessels.
Medullary thyroid cancer: Medullary thyroid cancer is detected at an early stage because it produces a hormone called calcitonin, which gets detected in blood test results
Thyroid cancer treatments depend on the type and stage of your thyroid cancer and your overall health. Some of the common treatments for thyroid cancer are:
Surgery: Most people with thyroid cancer undergo thyroidectomy surgery to remove all or most of the thyroid. Learn more about the various surgeries.
Thyroid hormone therapy: After thyroidectomy your doctor will recommend thyroid medication levothyroxine (levoxyl, synthroid, others) for life. These types of medications will supply the missing hormone your thyroid would normally produce and suppress the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) from your pituitary gland. High levels of TSH could stimulate any remaining cancer cells to grow.
Chemotherapy:Chemotherapy is a procedure that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by ending the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Learn more
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is a procedure that uses high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. There are several different types of radiation therapy:
You will need to take thyroid replacement drugs (thyroxine) for the rest of your life. Without this thyroid hormone replacement, you may experience tiredness, depression, difficulty concentrating, memory problems, unexplained or excessive weight gain, dry skin, coarse and/or itchy skin, dry hair, hair loss, feeling cold (especially in the feet and hands), constipation, muscle cramps, joint pains, increased menstrual flow, low sex drive, and more frequent periods.Learn Less
Top Doctors for Thyroid Cancer
Dr. Radhyesham Naik
MD, DM inMedical Oncology. He received advanced training from the world's leading institutions including M.D. Anderson Cancer Institute, USA, International School for Cancer Care, Oxford, UK, University of New South Wales,Australia etc
25 Yrs of Experience
Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, FriHCG, Kalinga Rao Road
Top Hospitals for Thyroid Cancer