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Testicular cancer refers to the cancer of the testicles when malignant cancer cells develop in the tissues of one or both testicles.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer are:
Stages of Testicular Cancer:
Once testicular cancer is diagnosed, it is staged by the oncologist. Testicular cancer is divided into four stages with stage 1 being the earliest stage and stage IV being the most advanced (metastatic disease).
Stage1: Cancer has developed and is in the testicles.
Stage2: Cancer may have spread or advanced to nearby tissue and organs and lymph nodes near the testicles.
Stage3: Cancer has spread or progressed to the major blood vessels near the testicles and may have spread to nearby lymph nodes.
Stage4: Cancer has spread to distant organs, such as the liver, lung, and peritoneal cavity. It also may have spread to organs and tissues near the testicles or to lymph nodes.Learn More
Depending on the type and stage of the cancer and other factors, treatment options for people with testicular cancer can include:
High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant
Surgery for Testicular Cancer:
The type of surgery you need for testicular cancer depends on the following factors
the stage of the cancer
the position of the cancer in the testicles
whether it has spread
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is a procedure that uses high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. There are several different types of radiation therapy:
High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant: High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant is a procedure of giving high doses of chemotherapy drugs and replacing blood -forming cells destroyed by the cancer treatment. Stem cells will be removed from your blood or bone marrow or a donor and then will be frozen and stored. After the chemotherapy is completed, the stored stem cells will be thawed and given back to you through an infusion. These reinfused stem cells grow into your body's blood cells.
When your testicular cancer treatment ends, your doctor will want to monitor your health closely. If both of your testicles have been removed during orchiectomy, you can no longer make sperm or father children. And since the testicles also make the male hormone testosterone, you might experience lower sex drive. You can go back to normal activities, including work, after 2 weeks. But you might need to avoid heavy lifting and strenuous exercise for a month.Learn Less
Top Hospitals for Testicular Cancer