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Skin cancer refers to the abnormal growth of your skin cells-most often develops on your skin exposed to the sun. There are three major types of skin cancer:
Basal cell cancer:This type of skin cancer occurs in areas of the skin that gets the most exposure to the sun, like the head and neck. Basal cell cancers usually grow slowly, and it is rare for them to spread, or metastasize, to nearby lymph nodes or even to more distant parts of the body
Squamous cell cancer: This type of skin cancer develops from the flat squamous cells that make up much of the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin.This type of skin cancer is usually found on areas of the skin that have been exposed to the sun, such as the neck, ears, face or the back of the hand, but they may develop in other areas, such as in scars, skin ulcers or the genital region.
Melanoma: This type of skin cancer develops in a mole or suddenly appears as a new dark spots on the skin.
The signs and symptoms of skin cancer are:
Your skin cancer treatment depends on the type of skin cancer, where it is, it's size, whether it has spread, and your overall health. Some of the common treatments for skin cancer are:
Simple excision: The tumor, along with some of the normal tissue around it, will be removed from the skin.
Mohs micrographic surgery: The tumor will be cut from the skin in thin layers. During this procedure, the edges of the tumor and each layer of tumor will be removed and viewed through a microscope to identify cancer cells. Layers of tumor continue to be removed until no more cancer cells are visible. It surgery is often used to remove skin cancer on the face, fingers, or genitals and skin cancer that does not have a clear border
Shave excision: The abnormal area will be shaved off the surface of the skin with a small blade.
Cryosurgery: In this treatment your oncologist will use an instrument to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue, such as carcinoma in situ. This type of treatment is also called cryotherapy.
Laser surgery: A surgical procedure that uses a laser beam (a narrow beam of intense light) as a knife to make bloodless cuts in tissue or to remove a surface lesion such as a tumor.
Chemotherapy:Chemotherapy is a procedure that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by ending the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Learn more
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is a procedure that uses high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. There are several different types of radiation therapy:
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a procedure where your immune system gets in use to fight cancer. Your body’s disease-fighting immune system may not attack the cancer cells since it will produce proteins that bind the immune system cells. Immunotherapy works by interfering with that process. People with advanced skin cancer undergo immunotherapy treatments.
Some people have scars after skin cancer treatment. You may have follow-up appointments after treatment for skin cancer. It is important to protect your skin from the sun after treatment. Here are some suggestions:
The skin cancer treatment hospitals in India have aggregated years of experience and expertise in treating cancer. The amalgamation of the skin cancer doctors in India with the finest talent, latest equipments and deep expertise in combating skin cancer with a team using the best of Immunotherapy procedures, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy delivers positive outcomes.
Access to the best doctors and treatment are vital step to help patients beat cancer and lead a happy and a healthy life.Learn Less
Top Hospitals for Skin Cancer