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Overview: A peripheral angiogram is a test that uses X-rays and dye to help your doctor find narrowed or blocked areas in one or more of the arteries that supply blood to your legs. The test is also called a peripheral arteriogram. Doctors use a peripheral angiogram if they think blood is not flowing in the arteries present in your legs or, in rare cases, in your arms. The angiogram helps you and your doctor decide if a surgical procedure like peripheral angioplasty or bypass surgery is needed to open the blocked arteries.Learn More
A small cut (incision) will be made near the groin. A local anaesthesia will be given to numb the skin over an artery and then your doctor will make a needle puncture through your skin and into your artery. He/she will insert a long, thin tube called a catheter into the artery. A small amount of dye will be inserted into the catheter which is required to identify narrowed or blocked sections of your arteries on X-rays. Your doctor will be able to see live images of the arteries on a TV-like monitor, and use them as a guide to decide the course of treatment.
You may experience soreness in the puncture site for some days
You will be advised to avoid taking baths and going to swimming for the first 5 days, or until the wound is closed.
You will be asked to avoid bending or squatting or any intense activity such as climbing stairs, running, or lifting anything over 20 pounds
Serious risks and complications from peripheral angiograms are very unlikely. But in rare cases:
You will be advised to take fibre rich food to avoid constipation
Peripheral angioplasty : In this surgical procedure the doctor uses a balloon catheter to open the blocked artery from the inside. A stent, a small wire mesh tube, is generally placed in the artery after angioplasty to help keep it open.
Bypass surgery : It is a surgical procedure that reroutes blood around the blocked arteries. (several days, but you can probably return to your normal activities the next day. A small bruise at the puncture site is quite common.
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