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Liver transplantation is a surgical procedure that is performed to remove your diseased liver and replace it with a healthy liver from a deceased or living donor. Your doctor may consider a liver transplant surgery if you have advanced or end stage liver failure and no longer have improvements with medical therapy or surgeries.Learn More
Your doctor will assess your health to determine if you are healthy enough for surgery. You may not be able to have a transplant if you have:
Liver transplant surgery usually takes from six to 12 hours. During the operation, your surgeon will remove your diseased liver and replace it with the donor liver. The surgeon will disconnect your diseased liver from your bile ducts and blood vessels before removing it. The blood that flows into your liver will be blocked or sent through a machine to return to the rest of your body. The surgeon will implant the healthy liver in place and reconnect it to your bile ducts and blood vessels. Your blood will then flow into your new liver.
There are two types of Liver Transplant:Living donor and cadaveric
Living donor Liver Transplant: It is an option if you have end-stage liver disease. In this procedure, a segment of the liver is removed from a healthy living donor and implanted into your liver. Both the donor and recipient liver segments will grow to an adequate size in a few weeks. The living donor, who may be a blood relative, spouse, or friend. Blood type and body size are important factors to determine the living donor.
Cadaveric Liver Transplant: In this type of liver transplant, an entire liver (from a deceased donor) will be transplanted, or just a part of the liver. Because the liver is the only organ in the body able to regenerate, a transplanted portion of a liver can grow to normal capacity within weeks.
Hepatic Artery Thrombosis
Bile Duct Leaks
Rejection of donated liver
After the surgery, you should have foods rich in protein. Drinking water must be safe and tap water should not be taken without home filtration. Raw food and salads should be avoided. You will also be advised to avoid sweets and fruits that can increase your blood sugar. Post-transplant medicines may raise the blood sugar which is why insulin needs to be used in the first three months. Smoking and alcohol is a strict no!Learn Less
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