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Overview: Kyphoplasty is a procedure that us used to treat certain fractures in the vertebrae, or bones of your spine.
The fractures treated by kyphoplasty are called compression fractures. These fractures generally occur in bones weakened by osteoporosis or a tumor. In compression fractures, a solid section of bone known as the vertebral body collapses. Compression fractures are not only painful, but can also put harmful pressure on the nerve roots present nearby or on the spinal cord itself.
kyphoplasty is done to treat these fractures by creating space in the bone that was lost when the bone collapsed, then filling the required space with a solid, cement-like mixture.
A kyphoplasty surgery may be recommended when:
The kyphoplasty procedure is performed under local anaesthesia. A sedative may also be administered to help you relax and feel sleepy during the procedure.
To perform the kyphoplasty, your doctor will use a thin surgical instrument, like a needle with a balloon inside it. This instrument is inserted through the skin and back muscles and into the bone. The surgeon then inflates the balloon which creates a space in the vertebra as it inflates. This part of the procedure usually helps the bone regain the normal shape.
Next, your surgeon will inject a filler mixture through the needle and into the balloon. X-ray images will help the surgeon guide the instruments and ensure that the filler goes into the required place. This cement-like mixture basically sets and prevents the bone from collapsing again. The doctor then removes the needle.
The kyphoplasty procedure usually lasts less than an hour. If more than one vertebra requires treatment, the procedure may last longer.
Risks from a kyphoplasty are not common, but can include:
Vertebra:Each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, having several projections for articulation and muscle attachment, and a hole through which the spinal cord passes.
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