Bone Marrow Transplant
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Overview: A Bone Marrow Transplant refers to a treatment procedure where a doctor replaces unhealthy marrow with a healthy one. The bone marrow is responsible for the development and storage of most of the body's blood cells (stem cells). When your bone marrow gets damaged due to a disease or intense treatments of radiation or chemotherapy for cancer, a bone marrow transplant may be required.
Your doctor may also recommend a bone marrow transplantation if you have one of the following:
Other immune system or genetic diseases like sickle cell disease
There are three different types of Bone Marrow Transplant depending on the donor:
Autologous Bone Marrow Transplant: In this transplant, you are going to be the donor. Your stem cells will be used and given back to you after an intensive treatment
Allogeneic Bone Marrow Transplant: In this transplant, you will receive stem cells from a genetically similar donor, often a brother or sister. Stem cells from the donor will be infused into your bloodstream.
Haploidentical Bone Marrow Transplant: It is a type of allogeneic transplant. You will receive healthy stem cells from a half matched donor. Typically the donor is a family member.
Bone Marrow Transplant infusion is a painless procedure which is why you will be awake during the procedure. The transplanted stem cells after infusion will start creating new blood cells. It usually takes a few weeks for the new blood cells to be created with increased blood counts.
You may experience mild diarrhea and nausea after the transplant. The new stem cells will begin to travel through your body and to your bone marrow. It will take several weeks for your blood cells to return to normal. Depending on the type of transplant and the risk of complications, you'll need to remain near the hospital for several weeks to months to allow close monitoring.
After your bone marrow transplant, you may need to include lots of vegetables and fibre rich food in your diet to stay healthy and to prevent weight gain. Maintaining a healthy weight with exercise and a balanced diet will prevent high blood pressure, high cholesterol and other negative health effects in the future.Learn Less
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