Aortic Valve Replacement
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Overview: Aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement are surgeries that treat diseases affecting the aortic valve.
The aortic valve is one of four valves that control blood flow through the heart. These heart valves keep your blood flowing in the right direction. When the aortic valve isn't working as it should be, it can interfere with blood flow and force the heart to work harder than necessary to supply blood to the rest of your body.
Most people don’t notice any signs or symptoms for many years. Some may experience shortness of breath, fatigue, chest pain, loss of consciousness, irregular heartbeat, heart failure, or even sudden cardiac death.
Aortic valve replacement and repair can treat aortic valve disease and help restore regular blood flow, reduce symptoms, prolong life and help preserve the function of your heart muscle.Learn More
For most aortic valve replacement procedures, you'll receive anaesthesia so you won't feel any pain, and you'll be unconscious during the surgery. You will also be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, which will keep blood moving through your body throughout the procedure.
Your doctor will remove the aortic valve and replace it with a mechanical valve or a valve made from cow, pig or human heart tissue. Another type of biological tissue valve replacement that uses your own pulmonary valve is sometimes possible too.
Aortic valve replacement surgery may either be performed through traditional open-heart surgery or through minimally invasive methods, which involve smaller incisions than those used in open-heart surgery.
Minimally invasive Surgery Methods: In minimally invasive surgery, doctors use a variety of techniques to operate with less damage to the body than with open surgery. In general, minimally invasive surgery is associated with less pain, a shorter hospital stay and fewer complications.Learn Less
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